What is peering?
Peering is a procedure of traffic exchange between different internet service providers (or ISPs). This is where larger ISPs with their own transmission line (backbone) networks allows traffic from other large ISPs. This is in exchange for similar traffic on their backbones as well. Therefore, traffic exchange with smaller ISPs can help to reach regional end points.
This process is how individual network operators assemble the internet connection. The operators and the ISPs will work out arrangements that designate the terms and conditions in full detail. Bilateral peering refers to the agreement between two parties. Multilateral peering involves three parties or more.
Why do we peer?
Basically, through peering, network operators will have more control over their network traffic. In this case, if an operator sends out traffic through a transit connection, it goes across the internet via whatever path the transit provider decides to use. However, should there be a problem, like a packet loss or slow internet connections, the transit provider will have control over the network. Therefore, a peered network operator has more control over external paths and alters the routeing path. This prevents any problem in the network segments.
Peering can improve connectivity performance while keeping traffic exchange local. It might be debatable if a network provider has local connectivity. Transit providers, however, covers large areas and connects to other networks in a few places. Peering can keep traffic faster and offers speedy connections between networks.
What are the varieties of peering?
Peering connection comes in different forms. The term peering means a connection of two networks. This process involves running a circuit across a town from a network’s facility to the other. However, the downside of this agreement is the cost covering the circuit between the peers. In this case, the more peers involved, the more expensive it gets.
For public peering, the process can be done via an internet exchange – a more common and efficient way. The internet exchange is an Ethernet switch in a server colocation area, where all the peering networks in the facility are connected to. There, a network can peer with the other networks using a single connection. Even though arrangements need to be made with each peer, new cabling fixtures are no longer required.
Private peering, on the other hand, is a combination of the two. Routers are placed by two networks within the same building and are running a direct cable between them instead of connecting through the exchange point switch. Networks exchanging the large volume of traffic are ideal to use private peering as it won’t fit on a shared connection to an exchanging point.
What do you need for peering?
Here are some things you need to start peering:
Exchange point connection: You will need to install a router in the building, or an Ethernet circuit connecting equipment to exchange point switch. You might want to set aside budgets for the switch port, colocation space and connectivity. Also, purchasing a new router can be a requirement if the exchange point uses a new one to connect – instead of using an extra port to a current one.
Get a professional: You will need a reliable IT specialist to manage your peer for you. The person-in-charge will decide on the suitable networks you should be peering with, making contacts with the preferred network and making the necessary agreements between two parties.
You will need enough juice: You will require the right amount of traffic for your network to peer with. Network operators are often enthusiastic in peering with large volumes of traffics and high-flying networks, as they will benefit greatly by doing so.
Global ITN – The right service provider for you
Internet peering is defined as the reciprocal sharing of internet transit facilities between two companies that do not have any conflict of interest between their businesses. Global ITN will handle the complete process on your behalf by allotting professionally trained and dedicated service engineers and internet experts to address your requirements and demands as and when they arise.
Global ITN is a credible provider of internet peering services and can make the process of management internet cost simpler for you. In fact, our experience in implementing various networking and internet services would enhance your company’s value through better productivity.
What Global ITN offers:
- Increased routeing control over your network traffic.
- Improved performances with direct paths to destination networks.
- Optimised bandwidth load between two distinct networks.
- Neutral layer 2 peering point.
- IPv4 and IPv6.
- 1 Gigabit Ethernet to 10 Gigabit Ethernet.
- Online peering and traffic management tools.
- Private peering VLANs.
- Also, low latency high-speed internet connectivity